One significant element to Gauguin's paintings were colour, much of his influence on future artists was the way in which colour can be seen by some to be as important as form. This had never been the case before.
Paul's friendship with Vincent van Gogh, and the two-way artistic influence that came about because of it, is underlined by much of the work displayed in this section. The artworks selected serve as a summary as to the artist's achievements and signature style.
The elongation of form was made famous by the works of El Greco earlier, and later Salvador Dali. Gauguin again uses this method to create abstract forms of his models. Amedeo Modigliani used a similar idea with his own series of portraits.
The Primitivism art movement links to pre-western society and encompasses all manner of cultures from around the globe. Fellow self-taught artist, Henri Rousseau, was one member of this group and there are similarites between his and Gauguin's style.
There is significance agreement that the work of post-impressionists like Van Gogh and Gauguin was key to the formation of later art movements, such as Fauvism, Cubism and Orphism. It is fair to conclude then, that without them there may not have been a Picasso, Gris or Braque.
In comparison to his housemate in Arles, Paul had built a successful career outside of the art world and was able to see his own work purely as a hobby and passion. This enabled him to maximise his creativity and experimentation, never having to pander to the needs of the mainstream.